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B

ackground of African Diaspora

ABOUT US

The global African diaspora is the worldwide collection of communities descended from Native Africans or people from Africa, predominantly in the Americas during the slaves trade over 500 years ago.

The African Diaspora most commonly refers to the descendants of the native West and Central Africans who were enslaved and shipped to the Americas via the Atlantic slave trade between the 16th and 19th centuries, with their largest populations in the United States, Brazil, and Haiti.

However, African Diaspora also refer to non-native African descendants from North Africa who immigrated to other parts of the world. of this migration out of Africa.

African diaspora gradually entered common usage at the turn of the 21st century.The term "diaspora" originates from the Greek διασπορά (diaspora, literally "scattering") which gained popularity in English in reference to the Jewish diaspora before being more broadly applied to other populations.

Brief History Of Black Immigration To The U.S

The trans-Atlantic slave trade marked the beginning of the Black population in the U.S., with the first record of an enslaved African person in the U.S. in 1619.

 

The importation of enslaved African people persisted until 1808, when this practice was outlawed. By 1810, there was already a significant U.S. Black p o p u l a ti o n ( 1 9 % o f t h e o ve ra l l population, according to the 1810 decennial census).

 

Restrictive immigration policies on non- Western Europeans after the U.S. Civil War slowed the voluntary migration of Black people to the U.S. until the mid- 20th century.

The most recent wave of voluntary Black immigration – as well as the arrival of immigrants from Latin America, Asia and the Middle East – is mostly due to changing immigration policies over the 20th century, such as the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965. The 1965 act marked a departure from the United States' previous long-standing national origins quota system (which restricted the ability of immigrants from outside Western Europe to move to the U.S.) to a new system that emphasized family reunification and ski l l ed immigrants. Black immigration to the U.S. would later be expanded further with the Refugee Act of 1980. The 1980 act both created a definition for refugees and created a system for refugee admissions. This act also allowed for the refugee ceiling to be amended in emergency situations, such as the large influx of the refugee situation created by the Vietnam War in the late 1970s. The act also paved the way for refugees from countries such as the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea and Ethiopia to come to the U.S. in more recent years. A decade later, the Immigration Act of 1990 created the Diversity Immigrant Visa Program to encourage immigration from countries that did not send many people to the U. S. The Diversity Immigrant Visa program increased the number of immigrants from Sudan, Ethiopia and Kenya, among other countries.

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